What are the advantages of a full frame sensor and of course the disadvantages.
If you are a photography enthusiast, you might have heard of the term "full frame camera sensor". But what does it mean and why should you care? In this blog post, I will explain what a full-frame camera sensor is, how it differs from other types of sensors, and what are the advantages of using a full-frame camera sensor for your photography.
A full-frame camera sensor is a sensor that has the same size as a 35mm film frame. This means that it measures 36 x 24 mm. Other types of sensors, such as APS-C or Micro Four Thirds, are smaller than a full-frame sensor. For example, an APS-C sensor measures about 23.6 x 15.6 mm, while a Micro Four Thirds sensor measures about 17.3 x 13 mm.
The size of the sensor affects several aspects of your photography, such as the field of view, the depth of field, the low-light performance, and the dynamic range. Let's see how each of these aspects is influenced by the sensor size.
Field of view: The field of view is the amount of scene that you can capture with your lens. A larger sensor allows you to capture a wider field of view with the same focal length lens. For example, if you use a 50mm lens on a full-frame camera, you will get a field of view of about 47 degrees. But if you use the same lens on an APS-C camera, you will get a field of view of about 31 degrees. This means that you will have to move further away from your subject or use a wider lens to get the same field of view on an APS-C camera as on a full-frame camera.
Depth of field: The depth of field is the range of distance in front of and behind your subject that appears sharp in your photo. A larger sensor allows you to achieve a shallower depth of field with the same aperture and focal length. For example, if you use a 50mm lens at f/2.8 on a full-frame camera, you will get a depth of field of about 0.7 meters. But if you use the same lens and aperture on an APS-C camera, you will get a depth of field of about 1 meter. This means that you will have to use a larger aperture or a longer lens to get the same shallow depth of field on an APS-C camera as on a full-frame camera.
Low-light performance: The low-light performance is the ability of your camera to capture clear and noise-free images in dim lighting conditions. A larger sensor allows you to capture more light with the same exposure settings. For example, if you use an ISO setting of 1600 on a full-frame camera, you will get an image with less noise than if you use the same ISO setting on an APS-C camera. This means that you can use lower ISO settings or faster shutter speeds to get better image quality in low-light situations on a full-frame camera than on an APS-C camera.
Dynamic range: The dynamic range is the range of brightness levels that your camera can capture in one image. A larger sensor allows you to capture more details in both the highlights and the shadows with the same exposure settings. For example, if you take a photo of a scene with high contrast on a full-frame camera, you will be able to recover more details in the bright and dark areas than if you take the same photo on an APS-C camera. This means that you can achieve more balanced and realistic images with less editing on a full-frame camera than on an APS-C camera.
As you can see, there are many advantages to using a full-frame camera sensor for your photography. However, this does not mean that full-frame cameras are always better than other types of cameras. There are also some disadvantages to using a full-frame camera sensor, such as:
- Higher cost: Full-frame cameras are generally more expensive than other types of cameras. You also need to invest in lenses that are compatible with full-frame sensors, which are usually more expensive than lenses for smaller sensors.
- Larger size and weight: Full-frame cameras are usually bigger and heavier than other types of cameras. This can make them less portable and comfortable to carry around.
- Crop factor: If you use lenses that are designed for smaller sensors on a full-frame camera, you will lose some field of view due to the crop factor. For example, if you use a 50mm lens for APS-C cameras on a full-frame camera, you will get a field of view equivalent to about 75mm on an APS-C camera.
Therefore, whether you should choose a full-frame camera or not depends on your personal preferences, budget, and photography goals. There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question. You should weigh the pros and cons of each type of camera and decide what works best for you.